Between 1960 until 1990, the golden triangle was the biggest opium producer of the world. The Thai government has supported the transition to a coffee cultivation as alternative to opium. Now in Thailand the opium is disappeared and replaced by coffee cultivation. Since 2014 Thailand is belonging to the top of high quality coffee producer. Also, it is Fair Trade Certified with economic, social and environmental standards. The Royal Project Foundation of the Thai government supports sustainable tribal farming, including improving of lives of farmer families.
Arabica coffee bean
In the northern part of Thailand, you will find the Thai Arabica coffee beans (50.000 tons annual). The coffee cultivation is an important income for the hill tribes. Arabica is more aromatic with a mild flavor than Robusta. Most of Arabica beans are growing in the mountains between 1000 and 2000 meters above sea level. Caffeine protects the coffee plants against parasites and diseases. In the mountains are less parasites then in the lower area’s around the equator (Southern Thailand). This means the Arabica coffee beans contain less caffeine then the Robusta coffee beans. Furthermore, the production of Arabica coffee is more expensive than the production of Robusta coffee. This is caused by higher labor costs of production of Arabica coffee.
Robusta coffee bean
In the southern part of Thailand, the Robusta coffee beans are growing. (annual about 80.000 tons). Robusta coffee has a strong flavor profile with more antioxidants than Arabica coffee. Often, it is used in Thai-style ice coffee. Furthermore, Robusta beans are used in ‘3-in-1 instant coffee. Caused by parasites and diseases, the Robusta beans contains more caffeine then the Arabica beans. The high concentration of caffeine gives a strong taste of Robusta coffee.
Finally, the appearance of Arabica and Robusta coffee beans are different. The Arabic beans are slightly larger and oval. The Robusta beans are smaller and less oval. For more information, please contact Note (SPA KAFAE)